PDF Behind bars : Latino/as and prison in the United States

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Despite being only 13 percent of the overall U.

Latinos represent 16 percent of the overall population but 19 percent of those who are incarcerated. On the other hand, whites make up 64 percent of the overall population but account for only 39 percent of those who are incarcerated.

Latino/as and Prison in the United States

People of color are more likely to become entangled in the criminal justice system. Among black males born in , one in three will go to prison at some point during their lifetimes; one in six Latino males will have the same fate. By contrast, only 1 out of every 17 white males is expected to go to prison.

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A similar pattern exists among women: 1 in white women, 1 in 18 black women, and 1 in 45 Latina women will go to prison at some point. Furthermore, African Americans are 2.

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The so-called War on Drugs has disproportionately affected people of color. Despite using and selling drugs at rates similar to those of their white counterparts, African Americans and Latinos comprise 62 percent of those in state prisons for drug offenses and 72 percent of those sentenced for federal drug trafficking offenses, which generally carry extreme mandatory minimum sentences.

People of color, particularly black males, face longer sentences than their white non-Hispanic counterparts for similar crimes.

According to the U. Sentencing Commission, between and , sentences for black males were Furthermore, black men were 25 percent less likely to receive sentences below the sentencing guidelines for the crime of which they were convicted. During traffic stops, people of color are more likely to be searched than their white counterparts.

Behind Bars 2: The World’s Toughest Prisons - La Mesa, Mexico (prison documentary)

National survey data show that blacks and Latinos are three times more likely to be searched than whites. Blacks are searched in 6 percent of traffic stops and Hispanics are searched in 7 percent of stops, whereas whites are searched only 2 percent of the time.


(PDF) REVIEW OF BEHIND BARS | M. Carmen Gomez-Galisteo - downchibatading.gq

Research shows that crime starts to peak in the mid- to late- teenage years and begins to decline when individuals are in their mids. After that, crime drops sharply as adults reach their 30s and 40s. The National Research Council study concludes:. As a result, the excessive sentencing practices in the U.

More Children Growing Up With Parents Behind Bars

This is partially a result of declining crime rates, but has largely been achieved through pragmatic changes in policy and practice. For more than a decade, the political climate of criminal justice reform has been evolving toward evidence-based, commonsense approaches to public safety. This can be seen in a variety of legislative, judicial, and policy changes that have successfully decreased incarceration without adverse impacts on public safety. Just as a bicycle works best when it uses different gears based on the terrain, we need a justice system that has different responses for different situations—shifting gears to treatment, prevention, and long-term public safety solutions as appropriate.

Latino, Native American prisoners least likely to get early-release option

By taking a practical approach to criminal justice reform, we can decrease crime, enhance public safety, and make more responsible use of our resources. View and compare key state criminal justice data The Sentencing Project compiles state-level criminal justice data from a variety of sources.

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View State-by-State Data. International Rates of Incarceration per , State and Federal Prison Population, Number of People Serving Life Sentences, Harsh sentencing laws like mandatory minimums, combined with cutbacks in parole release, keep people in prison for longer periods of time.